Making Espresso Coffee

Making Espresso Coffee is Easy …
Your Grinder and Machine do All the Work for You

Why you must serve an Espresso Coffee in a white ceramic coffee cup

Because heavy thick-walled white coffee cups hold the heat and keep the drink warm longer.

Coffee cups must be hot when dispensing coffee. Cups are kept hot by placing them on the heating grid on top of the coffee machine.

For safety reasons, it’s not recommended to put cloths or anything else that stops the normal circulation of the air on the top cover plate of the machine.

Coffee Bean Storage

Preferably, never buy coffee that is already ground because it goes stale very quickly. Rather buy fresh roasted coffee beans in small quantities sufficient to last two weeks.

Don’t store the beans in a refrigerator … just store them in sealed packets in a cool area.

Keep the fresh or long life milk refrigerated … preferably located close to your coffee machine.

Making the best coffee requires 4 essential ingredients which are …

  • Clean soft / sweet water - not brackish?
  • Fresh roasted beans
  • Good coffee bean grinder for FRESH grinding of coffee
  • Cold milk for frothing
  • Hot coffee cup and a hot portafilter

How to use your Coffee Machine to make Great Espressos

Coffee Maker Diagram

Follow these steps ...

  • Before switching on your coffee machine, make sure you have enough water (2) and power to the machine. 
  • Switch on your machine. Some machines have two-switch positions, make sure you choose the one that switches on the element (10).
  • Let your machine rise to a working steam pressure / temperature of 1 Bar (this should take between 15 to 20 minutes) (3).?
  • Grind enough fresh roasted coffee beans stored in the dispensing hopper of your grinder for your immediate use.
  • Put the filter holder under the discharge spout of the coffee grinder and pull the lever ONCE to discharge approximately 8 grams of freshly ground coffee into the filter cup/basket.
  • Remove the filter holder from the grinder. Tap it lightly on the palm of your hand or tamper - to spread the coffee evenly. Then press it down with your hand tamper or the tamper affixed to your coffee grinder.
  • Remove any excess coffee grains (bless the coffee) from the rim or edge of the filter holder.
  • Hook the filter holder onto the group head by locking the ears of the filter holder into position with a twisting action (with a bayonet catch action) to set it against the rubber seal in the group head (without tightening it too hard - to avoid rapid wearing of the rubber seal) (6).
  • For automatic machines, select and press the button for your choice of delivery eg one or two cups or continuous. If you want to stop the delivery ahead of time, press the STOP button. Every time you press a button, the related LED light will light up until the operation has finished (5).

Perfect Espresso Coffee

The color depends on your preference for roasted beans i.e. light, medium or dark. Look below for guidance on what your customers would like their coffee to taste like.


Just Right



light beige

reddish brown, sometimes striped

dark brown, mahogany, light spot


thin, large bubbles Little body – watery

3-4 mm crema thickness, fine uniform full body

thin or central hole


brief – < 1 minute

persistent – 2 to 3 minutes

brief – < 1 minute


little aroma

balanced aroma

sharp aroma


little flavour

persistent flavour

strong flavour



Just Right


Coffee weight

7 grams

8 grams

>9 grams

Water temperature

88oC to 920C

88oC to 920C

88oC to 920C

Water pressure

<9 Bar

9 Bar

>9 Bar


slightly coarse


too fine


<3 Kg

5 Kg

>8 Kg


<35 cc

35 cc

>35 cc


<20 seconds

20 to 25 seconds

>30 seconds